This favorably reviewed, 57-page pending patent in 148 countries relates to a nearly 100% efficient, high temperature collector with long term storage, which dwarfs all prior solar technologies by many hundreds of percent.. Scholars have reviewed it and will soon build working Solar Traps. Once solar capture and long term storage are mastered, as herein asserted, physics laws assure us of the dawning of a multi-century Solar Age1. To be clear, these new two-way LIGHT TRAPSTM capture the solar spectrum, bar internal infrared from escaping, and enable high temperature energy storage of the world's largest energy resource to provide the safest, 24/7, lowest-cost, shortcut to mankind's inevitable Solar (safe nuclear) Age. (click a 3 minute slide show)
Painlessly funding man's transition to a Solar Age is addressed below. Mass produced Solar Traps technology is awaiting rigorous independent confirmation, but promises to generate perfectly clean electricity below ¾¢ to 1¢ / kwhr (3412 BTUs) with "one sun" applied (no costly concentrating mirrors). For reference, 1¢ per kwhr (1¢/3412BTUs) equates to oil at $17 per barrel (41¢/gal, and ~1¢ per mile electric cars). Think carefully. If less than 1¢/kwh can be brought to you, as emphatically asserted below, then wouldn't you also use electricity for space-heating and cooling, hot water, and even charge electric cars? Of course you would. Such a clean energy target is several times lower than all other alternative energy sources, and it's far lower than traditional coal, gas, oil, and all forms of even the most futuristic nuclear2 energy. Even more poignantly, the following summary of man's energy options, concludes that only one energy option is capable of being safely and affordably scaled to meet humanity's relentless 2% per year exponentially growing energy demand for many more centuries. All other options are surprisingly unsafe, uneconomical and, especially unscalable. Solar Traps make solar energy the one and only safe, lowest cost, and fully scalable perpetual option. Many assume that solar energy is "dilute" and "intermittent" and yet, collecting and storing just one little square meter of it for only 6 hours/day over the life of a solar power farm, equates to 16 tons of coal energy or about 64 barrels of oil energy. Just one square solar mile (640 acres) equates to 41,000,000 tons of coal or 16,000,000 barrels of oil. About 1% of the rich Sahara sun can supply 100% of man's 24/7 clean, low-cost energy needs - and most importantly, without altering desert water-tables to cool powerplants.
Mastering ultra low-cost solar electricity for almost all energy applications would certainly qualify as one of man's highest achievements. But another almost twice bigger and very direct solar-thermal energy application exists - namely, on-premise solar space conditioning and hot water for homes and commercial buildings (10,000 job proposal). In principal, super low-cost electricity can slash space heating, cooling, and hot water costs by more than 5-fold. But, if high temperature and high efficiency Light Traps plus inexpensive long term thermal storage are installed immediately on-premise, then no electricity generation losses or long distance electric losses would be experienced. Thousands per home can be saved annually, (not mere hundreds with poor rooftop PV solar cells), and each building would be instantly re-appraised at a stunning 20 times the thousands saved, according to federally sponsored studies of actual real estate buyers. A very thin, 85-95% efficient, >700oF Solar Trap canopy prototype is underway.
It is widely known among energy scholars that man has had no practical long term energy policy, until know. Painless funding and implementation plans are presented below to solar power mankind; to spawn millions of jobs; dramatically slash air/water pollution, and; heal natural environments. For these several reasons, people are suggesting that Solar Traps technology is Nobel Prize fodder, and a gateway into a harmonious Solar Age 1 for many centuries. Your opinions are welcome below - especially if you can credibly identify even one other safe and affordable very long term global energy alternative. This invitational challenge is especially directed to futuristic nuclear fusion optimists. Solar IS low-cost nuclear fusion.
L to R: Dan Callow, Pinnacle exec; Cong. Roscoe Bartlett, PhD; Ex-President Jimmy Carter (holding the Solar Trap Artist's rendition of a water-less cooled one billion watt desert glass powerplant. All continents have deserts document); Ron Ace, Solar Trap inventor, and; Dr. John Darnell, Cong. energy advisor. Atlanta Ga
The millennial ascent of Man
Humanity now continuously consumes 17 trillion watts (510 quadrillion or 5.1x1017 BTU/yr) - the 2%/year exponentially rising high costs of which are now perilously inhibiting the further ascent of Man. According to the 2014 World Energy Investment Outlook, about $48 trillion of investment will be needed during the next 20 years. In June of 2014, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) re-affirmed the staggering $48
trillion to meet the world's exponentially
growing energy demand, while at the same time, needing to avert an
alarming 4oF global temperature rise in 20 short years.
During roughly the same period (35 years), mankind is expected to almost double its
energy consumption to ~34 trillion watts. And in just one more short century,
energy consumption is projected to rise by 2% per year to 7 TIMES more per year or, 120 trillion watts. No other alternative energy resource can SAFELY or AFFORDABLY meet these needs - not wind, not nuclear 2, not combustion 3, not deep geothermal, not tidal, not biomass, not even gloomy photovoltaic solar. SOLAR-THERMAL is it, period. [click link to 29-nation consensus] Completely SAFE solar energy befalling earth in just one year is about 6,000 times greater than humanity presently consumes. A little more than 90% of the incident solar energy warms earth and re-radiates back into space. Less than 5-10% of the incident solar energy remains on earth as a very diffuse layer of un-recoverable bio-chemical and wind energy. The natural infrared re-radiation solar balance would remain intact even if man fully transitioned to a "Solar Age." Thus, solar capture, immediately stored as thermal energy, is a far better remedy to man's exponentially growing energy needs... ~7 times more per year every 100 years; ~49 times more per year every 200 years. Man's 1000-year, 2% per year exponential growth pattern, is a fact often overlooked by those who mistakenly linearly project the depletion of earth's energy reserves. It exponentially depletes! Solar energy is the only sufficiently large resource which can both safely - and now, inexpensively - easily satisfy man's unquenchable thirst for energy.
Until NOW, with the introduction of low-capital-cost Solar Traps technology, numerous energy studies have illustrated that all of the proposed "alternative" energy sources are neither safe nor affordable! Energy COST - the very foundation of global economies - has progressed from near 0% (long ago) to about 13% of the global economy now, with no long term letup in sight. The concepts of discovering large easy access energy deposits are long gone. Some macro economists assert that ~16% is the unsustainable breaking point of global economies. If safety (such as pollution) is included in current energy costs, then mankind has already far exceeded the "affordable" energy tipping point. Unfortunately, very few pay enough attention to this dangerously escallating energy COST impasse. Energy "cost", not mere energy "abundance," is the more acute barrier that is already subtly disabling nations. Thus, much lower cost perpetual solar energy represents the only known safe and affordable energy solution - and by extension - a global prosperity resurrection too.
Clearly, the responsibility for implementing such a global paradigm shift towards a Solar Age, falls squarely on the various commercial energy industries. The objective of retrofitting and building thousands of gigawatt solar-electric powerplants would far exceed any one company or dozens of the world's largest companies. Thus, this fact is the prime reason why Pinnacle elected to only be an innovator and, at most, a high tech prototype enabler to numerous existing global energy companies. We are acutely aware of the magnitude of the global challenges and the sheer costs in achieving them in time to avert several looming energy and incomprehensible environmental disasters. However, Pinnacle is also developing unique and unparalleled giga financial tools to induce Solar Trap licensees to RAPIDLY achieve a record low-cost Solar Age. "We the People" demand it.
Let there be no doubt about the magnitude of this historic innovation. Nearly 100% efficient solar collection and storage is roughly 10-fold better than all previous solar technologies. By the laws of physics, solar technology cannot get much better. Practical solar energy has finally arrived. This event now makes solar technology the world's least expensive energy option employing the most abundant energy resource on earth. It requires about 1/10th as much solar collection surface area (land). Small residential and large utility solar farms can be much smaller plus far less expensive. This isn't another "supplemental" energy bandaid. In 2014, even the 29-nation International Energy Agency (IEA), in their 50-page report, concluded that "Solar Thermal" technology (not inferior PV photovoltaic) is the superior future solar-thermal solution. Of course, Solar Traps is "thermal" technology, but the evidence shows that Solar Trap & Store is currently several times better than the best 2050 IEA thermal projections on page 23, figure 12.
Proven European High Voltage DC electric power transmission line (HVDC) technology now exists to very efficiently convey literally trillions of dollars of rich desert solar power even THOUSANDS of miles to almost all of humanity on every continent as well. AC transmission exhibits many shortcomings with just hundreds of miles. The USA especially needs to adopt this magnificent and proven European HVDC technology to desert-power all of North America. Thus, solar energy can indeed now be man's ENDLESS PRIME ENERGY resource, our lowest cost, by far the safest, and the world's cleanest energy resource. Every continent has incredibly rich desert solar energy.
The above United Nations and United States banner flags simply connote an ideal Pinnacle preference. Pinnacle gives a high priority to manufacturing such vital solar technologies in the United States in hopes of exporting such magnificent assistance to other nations. Such an approach can, in principal, achieve near full American employment while also meeting great global needs, including clean energy, boosting international economies, and enhancing geopolitical relations.
Pinnacle presently has over 150 globally issued and pending clean energy patents to license, plus many more planned patents in various states of scientific review, prototyping, and development. This intellectual property portfolio alone imposes multi-million dollar burdens, which have been totally assumed by Pinnacle Products to protect the United States (which federal and state governments do NOT fund and do NOT strategically file international patent protection "for the people"). Thus, Pinnacle has completed its initial formally peer-reviewed (and endorsed) scientific innovation phases by creating this high quality treasure trove of intellectual property "for the people." This portfolio now qualifies for support from the world's most prominent philanthropists. We know of no higher philanthropic legacy or a higher calling.
Fig 1. A classical Carnot heat engine depicting T-hot input energy applied, mechanical work (W) extracted at efficiency h = (1 – Tc/Th), and where copious Tcold waste energy must be discharged in order to extract work (W).
This executive summary of the best-of-the-best Pinnacle innovations hardly does justice to the countless unplanned innovations which have emerged during our multi-year pursuit of abundant clean energy, desalination, food, shelter, and related research. But energy is the foundation of them all - including prosperity, jobs, and survival itself. At the outset, we at Pinnacle did not even speculate such profound discoveries. The profoundly efficient low-cost Solar Trap & Store technology easily qualifies as one the top inventions of all time. Of course, Pinnacle has subjected Solar Traps to independent reviews and they have been enthusiastically endorsed by the highest credentialed PhD energy and solar scientists. All of Pinnacle's innovations are rigorously and independently reviewed 4.
A PhD US Congressman officially commended the Solar Traps inventor a "National Treasure"5
It's far too simplistic for pessimists to conclude that Man is doomed, when the preponderance of the scientific evidence indicates that the ascent of Man and all life has only just begun - but ONLY if nourished by abundant, clean, low-cost energy.
Pinnacle Products, LLC